Paul ten Have, 1937 – 2022

Paul ten Have’s son Frans has shared the sad news of Paul’s passing. Paul ten Have died on Tuesday May 10, 2022 in a nursing home in Alkmaar (The Netherlands), two years after he lost his life partner Immelien Kramer.  

Paul ten Have

In 2002, Paul ten Have retired as an Associate Professor in the Department of Sociology and Anthropology, Faculty of Social  and Behavioural Sciences, University of Amsterdam. At that time, he was also a staff member of the Dutch Graduate School in Science & Technology Studies: Science, Technology and Modern Culture. 

From 1992 on, and from 1996 on the world-wide web, Paul’s ETHNO/CA-NEWS has been an important resource for publications and activities in conversation analysis and ethnomethodology (www.paultenhave.nl). Since 2014, this work is continued on the EM/CA wiki site (emcawiki.net). In a biographical note on the pages of Ethno/CA-News, Paul described his own research interests as follows: 

“My research interests can be indicated by the concepts of ethnomethodology, conversation analysis, medical interaction, technology and research practices. I have a long-standing interest in qualitative research methods, as evident in most of my teaching, a number of publications, and some of my research. My general orientation has been shaped mostly by ethnomethodology, which I most often apply in the form of Conversation Analysis. Since the late 1970’s, I have done research on doctor-patient interaction in the context of the general practice consultation, i.e. in general medicine. (…) For the last 15 years or so, I have also developed an interest in the study of local practices involving various kinds of technology, such as ICT as in word processing or web page design.” 

Paul ten Have was a member of the small group of first generation talk-in-interaction scholars in the Netherlands around the end of the seventies (together with Hanneke Houtkoop-Steenstra, Martha Komter, Dorothea Franck, Marca Schasfoort and Dick Springorum). In 1979, this group had several meetings with Emanuel Schegloff during his stay in the Netherlands, and from 1983 on, there were regular data sessions with Gail Jefferson. In 1991 Paul organized one of the first international conferences on Ethnomethodology and Conversation Analysis in Amsterdam (together with Hanneke Houtkoop-Steenstra and Harrie Mazeland).

Paul was influential as a teacher of ethnomethodology, conversation analysis and qualitative methodology. His handbooks Doing Conversation Analysis (1999, second edition 2007) and Understanding Qualitative Research and Ethnomethodology (2004) offer accessible introductions. They reached a broad readership and are often quoted. Not only was the connection between conversation analysis and ethnomethodology a serious concern for Paul, he was also open to research in related and overlapping paradigms such as interactional linguistics, discursive psychology, membership categorization analysis, or related interaction studies such as Goffman and micro-ethnography.

Some publications

Have, Paul ten (1989) ‘The consultation as a genre’. In: B. Torode, ed. Text and Talk as Social Practice. Dordrecht / Providence, R.I.: Foris Publications: 115- 35

Have, Paul ten (1991) ‘Talk and institution: a reconsideration of the ‘asymmetry’ of doctor-patient interaction’. In: D. Boden, D.H. Zimmerman, eds. Talk and social structure: studies in ethnomethodology and conversation analysis. Cambridge: Polity Press: 138- 63 

Have, Paul ten; George Psathas, eds. (1995) Situated order: Studies in the social organization of talk and embodied activities. Washington, D.C.: University Press of America

Have, Paul ten (1999) Doing conversation analysis: a practical guide. London etc: Sage 

Have, Paul ten (2004) Understanding qualitative research and ethnomethodology. London etc.: Sage

Have, Paul ten (2005) ‘The Notion of Member is the Heart of the Matter: On the Role of Membership Knowledge in Ethnomethodological Inquiry’, Historical Social Research / Historische Sozialforschung 30: 28-53 

Have, Paul ten (2013) ‘Identifying birds by their song’. In: Peter Tolmie, Mark Rouncefield, eds. Ethnomethodology at Play. Farnham, Surrey, U.K.: Ashgate

Harrie Mazeland, May 10, 2022

Guest Blog: The EMCA Doctoral Network Meetings restart, November 2021

Among the many formal and informal networks that support postgraduates and early-career researchers in CA and ethnomethodology, the EMCA is perhaps the most venerable and global. I’m delighted that two active members, Felicity Slocombe and Andrea Bruun have sent a report on the most recent meeting, November 2021.

The EMCA (Ethnomethodology and Conversation Analysis) Doctoral event ran every six months, pre-pandemic, with universities taking it in turn to host the event.

The event allows doctoral researchers to meet and engage with others using similar methodologies within their research and provides a vibrant context for building contacts and developing presentation skills within a friendly environment. Due to coronavirus restrictions, it had been two years since the last event. So we’re glad to report that the Network’s life has restarted: the event started up again, in person, on the 8-9th November 2021 at Loughborough University.

In this blog we will hear from two doctoral researchers who attended the event. Firstly, we will hear from Andrea Bruun from UCL whose research uses conversation analysis to examine prognostic decision-making within specialist palliative care multidisciplinary teams. We will also hear from Felicity Slocombe who was one of the doctoral researchers who helped organise the event. Felicity is from Loughborough University and her research uses conversation analysis to look at how we can maintain identity of people living with dementia.

What it was like as a participant: Andrea Bruun

It seemed unbelievable that this year’s EMCA doctoral network meeting would go through and actually be an in-person event. After having participated in virtual conferences and online data sessions in what feels like forever (since spring 2020), it was absolutely brilliant to meet people in real life and feel like you were at an actual conference again. You remembered how it felt like to small talk with people in 3D by the coffee table, actually raising your hand if you had a question, participating in actual applauses, and feeling the vibrant atmosphere that only comes with being in the same physical room together. 

As if meeting people at an in-person conference was not fulfilling enough, imagine that these people are also PhD students like yourself. Imagine the room of support and experiences being shared because everyone is on the same journey. Then imagine that every single one of these PhD students are working within the same field as you. Now you are frosting the support and the experience with a heavy layer of community, sprinkled with passion. If you are from a university or department with none or only a few people doing EMCA, then it felt like coming “home” – you felt understood. No matter who you turned to, they were on the same page as you, you did not have to defend your method or explain every little detail. This made it so easy and such a pleasure to network and make friends during the days.

This home we built on only two days housed the most diverse community within the EMCA tradition. People were working on data from many different settings; all the way from GP consultations to museums, even criminal trials, to grassroot group meetings. The presentations and data sessions involved all sort of topics such as transcription of laughter, analyses of specific words or question formats to how technology is used in interaction. It was so inspiring to see how diverse EMCA research is, and you got the feeling as if only the sky is the limit.

Having two days only focusing on EMCA was like falling in love with a partner all over again. Sometimes you can get stuck in your methods and (pessimistic and critical) ways and you might have a feeling of EMCA research not being enough – something is missing, and the grass might seem greener on the other side. But digging into all the exciting data, meeting such wonderful people, and having really interesting discussions made it clear why EMCA is important and why we are doing it – and then a lovely hotel stay and a delicious conference dinner for free do indeed help with making you fall head over heels.

Loughborough University

What it was like as an organiser: Felicity Slocombe

The EMCA doctoral event was a great event to be involved in organising. The organising committee consisted of academic staff and doctoral researchers: Prof. Alison Pilnick from the University of Nottingham, Dr. Marco Pino, and Dr. Jessica Robles, both from Loughborough University, Rachael Drewery from the University of Nottingham and Chloe Waterman from the University of Birmingham, who is in the write up year of her PhD and is now a Research Associate at King’s College London. We worked together to organise different parts of the event, such as the room booking, catering, and programme. It was a real team effort and especially lovely to work with Rachael and Chloe who are ahead of me in their PhD paths. 

My favourite part of the event echoes Andrea’s: of being in the same physical space as others. It felt like a friendly environment in which everyone felt comfortable to contribute their thoughts and experiences. It was great to have a meal together on the evening of the first day, everyone seemed in high spirits having not been able to meet like this with others throughout the course of my PhD so far, it was so refreshing and inspiring. The presentations, data sessions and papers-in-progress were so diverse and equally fascinating. I had the opportunity to present my data on the second day and the observations made have really helped me in beginning my analysis. 

Keynotes. Additionally, a big draw to the event were the keynote talks given at the end of each day: one by Prof. Charles Antaki, and one by Dr Jessica Robles. Charles spoke about ‘Asymmetries in interactions between people with learning disabilities and those who support them’. This was a stimulating talk which examined how staff members support people with learning disabilities in attempting a task. Charles contrasted two different approaches that staff members have taken: one in which a staff member uses directives and imperatives, where a distinct asymmetry between the staff member and the person with learning disabilities is evident from the interaction, in the other example the staff member tries to reduce the asymmetry between themselves and the person with learning disabilities. It was interesting to see how the two strategies work.

Jessica’s keynote discussed ‘Forms of allegedly non-racist race talk as possible instances of racism’. Jessica’s talk was thought-provoking and recognisable in conversations had with extended family members of claims of non-racist racist talk. Jessica discussed the practices that feature in the phenomenon of ‘non-racist’ race talk, which is an under-explored area in EMCA research. The two questions Jessica discussed were: (1) what counts analytically, for participants, as ‘racism denial’ or talk about race produced as ‘not racist’? and (2) how might racism denial be analysed as accomplishing racism? These questions were explored using examples from naturalistic interactions as to how racism denials are produced in their context, and how these cases can be analysed as possible instances of racism.

A big thank you to all those who attended, presented, and especially to the keynote speakers. I hope that more events like this become more possible in the future and return to their bi-annual appearance!  

Guest Blog: SPAC, an online space for doing CA in Spanish

CA is well established in a number of Spanish-speaking countries, but there is always room for more initiatives, and for ways for sometimes isolated researchers to meet together. I’m delighted that Luis Manuel Olguín has sent in a report on the Seminario Permanente de Análisis de la Conversación, a lively and inclusive forum for Spanish-speaking CA researchers.

Luis Manuel Olguín, UCLA

Although CA is well-known across Spanish-speaking academia, resources for learning and teaching CA in Spanish are still significantly scant, especially if compared to other approaches to language use and social interaction with established traditions in Spain and Latin America. Similarly, the Spanish-speaking CA community is still relatively small and largely scattered across countries, making it difficult for CA to take root in Language and Social Science programs and departments. 

Luckily, this situation is starting to change thanks to SPAC, an international collaboration that brings together language and social interaction scholars and students around the globe to do CA in Spanish. 

SPAC’s logo

Seminario Permanente de Análisis de la Conversación (SPAC) is an online space for collaboratively learning what CA is all about. The idea of a “seminar” responds to SPAC’s efforts promoting CA practice at different levels of expertise as well as designing and making freely available resources for learning and teaching CA in Spanish. 

SPAC’s activities include monthly talks and workshops, as well as weekly (yes, weekly!) data sessions. Since our launch in January this year, we have organized 11 events, ranging from talks on classroom interaction in Chile and summons practices of deaf communities in Mexico, to workshops on transcription, ELAN, and multimodal analysis. All our events are recorded and uploaded to our YouTube channel.

Chase Raymond (UC Boulder) gives a talk on exploring Spanish morphology in interaction in May 2021

Data sessions–or observatorios de datos, as we call them in Spanish, highlighting CA’s characteristic approach to data analysis–are SPAC’s most cherished and defining activity. SPAC’s data sessions take place every Tuesday at 18:00 UTC and run year-round. We primarily focus on ordinary conversation, working on a single episode over the course of several weeks and, recently, on assembling specimen collections. We encourage participants to bring their own data too, so they can benefit from others’ observations. You can read more about SPAC’s data sessions in this ISCA report written by Verónica González Temer (UMCE, Chile) and Katherina Walper (UAC, Chile) earlier this year. 

SPAC data session

SPAC is coordinated by an international team of CA practitioners and enthusiasts. For 2021, they are Verónica González Temer (UMCE, Chile), Alexa Bolaños Carpio (UC, Costa Rica), Ariel Vázquez Carranza (UG, Mexico), Elizabeth Manrique (UCL, Argentina/England), Carmen Del Río Villanueva (PUCP, Peru), and Luis Manuel Olguín (UCLA, Peru/USA). 

Other SPAC projects

Aside from organizing SPAC’s monthly events and weekly data sessions, the team is putting together a bibliography of CA publications on Spanish talk in interaction as well as those written inSpanish, such as textbooks and specialized work that might help colleagues at Spanish-speaking institutions introduce CA to students. The team also runs a GoogleGroup with more than 200 subscribers from Argentina, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Costa Rica, Ecuador, Mexico, Peru, Spain, the U.S., among other countries in Europe and the Americas. The listserv is used to disseminate information about recent publications and upcoming events of interest to the community.

SPAC is a chapter of Conversanalista, a larger vision to foster interactional research methods in Spanish-speaking academia and to progressively consolidate a network of language and social interaction scholars across Ibero-America. 

Si estás interesado/a en saber más sobre las activades de SPAC, suscríbete a nuestra lista de distribución enviando un correo electrónico a conversanalista+subscribe (arroba) lists (punto) ucla (punto) edu. 

The author

Luis Manuel Olguín is a PhD Candidate in Sociology at UCLA. His research explores how everyday language practices reflexively shape exchange behavior and economic action, with a particular empirical focus on Spanish talk in interaction. 

Guest Blog: Promoting CA in Brazil

As Conversation Analysis is increasingly taken up by researchers across the world, we are seeing efforts to bring the approach to their wider local communities. There are several initiatives in Brazil, and I’m delighted that Fabio Ferraz de Almeida, currently working in Finland, has sent in this report of an inaugural workshop in Sao Paulo.

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Fabio Ferraz de Almeida

The idea of organising an introductory CA workshop in Brazil began to take shape last year, while I was talking to a colleague, Bruna Gisi, professor of Sociology at the University of São Paulo (USP). Bruna was developing a postgraduate course on EM and Goffman and invited me to participate in one of the lectures. According to her, several sociologists in Brazil often talk about ethnomethodology but they rarely show how to put  it to use. Her suggestion was that we  discuss a particular EM concept and show how to ‘apply’ it in empirical research. 

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Guest Blog: Using inclusive language when transcribing French data

Every language poses it own problems when transcribing from the spoken to the written word. In this guest blog, I’m delighted that Dennis Dressel, Wifek Bouaziz and Marie Klatt, all at the University of Freiburg, take us through the dilemma of transcribing French, with its convention of treating plurals as masculine, while also trying to respect inclusivity. How does the transcriber acknowledge references to females when the language conventionally refers to them as male?

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Guest Blog:  Building an EMCA community at CADSS

Groups of EM/CA analysts have sprung up all over the world to share expertise, pore over data together, bounce ideas off each other and provide a sense of shared community. Here Simon Stewart gives an enthusiastic account of recent developments of the group based on the south coast of England.

Simon Stewart, Southampton

This post is intended to share with the CA community some of the resources and learning that have come from our group, CA Data Sessions South (CADSS), in its first 18 months.

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Guest Blog: In memory of Jack Bilmes

All of us at ROLSI were sorry to hear of the death, in May of this year, of Jack Bilmes, one of ethnomethodology’s most original and independent voices, and a warm, generous and caring man. I’m very grateful to Professor Gabi Kasper, an old friend and teaching colleague of Jack’s, for allowing us to reproduce here the obituary that was read out at this year’s IPrA conference. The paper that Jack was to have presented a paper there will, happily, be published in Discourse Studies (1).

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Guest Blog: EM/CA for Racial Justice

There is an intriguing and welcome movement in EM/CA circles recommending that more be done by scholars to engage with social issues. Prime among these issues is racism, and I’m delighted that three early-career academics, Eleonora Sciubba, Natasha Shrikant and Francesca Williamson have agreed to report on their and their colleagues’ efforts to apply EM/CA perspectives on the issue.

The authors of this post [1] are members of a working group entitled, EMCA4RJ—or EMCA for Racial Justice—that was started in June 2020 [2] The purpose of this group is to foreground race and racism as central issues in the EMCA community. 

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Guest Blog: What it’s like to take up a new job in Finland

CA is in demand in many University departments, but scattered far and wide. Here’s the account of one early career researcher, Fabio Ferraz de Almeida, who has made the huge move from Brazil to Finland. Fabio had done his PhD in the UK with Loughborough’s DARG, so it wasn’t a completely unfamiliar move; but Jyväskylä is not the same as the East Midlands…

Fabio Ferraz de Almeida

What would you do if you noticed the pedestrian traffic lights turning red just before you started crossing a street? In Brazil and the UK, and in many other parts of the world, I assume, people would cross the street as long as they saw none vehicle coming. In Finland, however, this is not the case. I would say that one of the best ways for ‘doing being Finnish’ is to wait patiently for the red lights to turn green before crossing a street, regardless of whether any vehicles were in sight.

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